12 volt Solenoid or Motor

Use a 12 volt solenoid or motor. Connect a 12 volt power adapter to the Arduino board. On the board there is a pin called Vin that will provide the 12 volts directly from the power adapter. Use Vin to power the solenoid / motor.

There will be a lot of current flowing through the solenoid. If the flow keeps on too long, the solenoid will get very hot. The on-time will probably needs to be shorter than a second.

The term duty cycle means the relation between on-time and off-time. Generally the duty cycle has to be less than 50% if the solenoid shall be turned on and off repeatedly.