Limit the current flow through the LED with a small resistor R1, ca 200~1000Ω. Otherwise the LED will burn.

The LED can be connected in a few ways.
• Either the Arduino pin (pin 13 in this case) SOURCES 5v to the LED: the LED’s + pin is connected to the Arduino pin. The LED’s – pin is connected to GND.
• Or the Arduino pin SINKS the circuit through the LED. The LED’s + pin is connected to +5 volt supply. The LED’s – pin is connected to Arduino pin 13.


int ledPin = 13;

void setup() {
  pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);

void loop() {
  digitalWrite(ledPin, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(ledPin, LOW);

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